Illuminate và brighten tired looking skin. Balance Active Formula vitamin C power Serum is a light weight và non greasy pro-radiance serum.
Aqua (Water), Glycerin, Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Phenoxyethanol, Carrageenan, Polysorbate 20, Ascorbyl Glucoside, Olea Europaea (Olive) Leaf Extract, Zinc Pca, Disodium EDTA, Tocopheryl Acetate, Parfum (Fragrance), Ethylhexylglycerin, Ascorbic Acid, Linalool, Limonene
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Ingredient name what-it-does irr., com. ID-Rating
Aqua (Water) solvent
Glycerin skin-identical ingredient, moisturizer/​humectant 0, 0 superstar
Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate antioxidant, anti-acne goodie
Phenoxyethanol preservative
Carrageenan viscosity controlling
Polysorbate đôi mươi emulsifying, surfactant/​cleansing 0, 0
Ascorbyl Glucoside antioxidant, skin brightening goodie
Olea Europaea (Olive) Leaf Extract perfuming
Zinc Pca anti-acne, moisturizer/​humectant goodie
Disodium EDTA chelating
Tocopheryl Acetate antioxidant 0, 0
Parfum (Fragrance) perfuming icky
Ethylhexylglycerin preservative
Ascorbic Acid antioxidant, skin brightening, buffering superstar
Linalool perfuming icky
Limonene perfuming, solvent icky

Balance vitamin C Brightening Serum
Ingredients explained
Aqua (Water)
Also-called: Water | What-it-does: solvent

Good old water, aka H2O. The most common skincare ingredient of all. You can usually find it right in the very first spot of the ingredient list, meaning it’s the biggest thing out of all the stuff that makes up the product.

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It’s mainly a solvent for ingredients that vì chưng not lượt thích to dissolve in oils but rather in water.

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Once inside the skin, it hydrates, but not from the outside - putting pure water on the skin (hello long baths!) is drying.

One more thing: the water used in cosmetics is purified & deionized (it means that almost all of the mineral ions inside it is removed). Lượt thích this, the products can stay more stable over time.

Glycerin - superstar
Also-called: Glycerol | What-it-does: skin-identical ingredient, moisturizer/humectant | Irritancy: 0
"> | Comedogenicity: 0
A natural moisturizer that’s also in our skin A super common, safe, effective and cheap molecule used for more than 50 yearsNot only a simple moisturizer but knows much more: keeps the skin lipids between our skin cells in a healthy (liquid crystal) state, protects against irritation, helps to lớn restore barrierEffective from as low as 3% with even more benefits at higher concentrations up lớn 20-40% (around 10% is a good usability-effectiveness sweet spot)High-glycerin moisturizers are awesome for treating severely dry skin Read all the geeky details about Glycerin here >>

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate - goodie
Also-called: form of vitamin C, SAP | What-it-does: antioxidant, anti-acne

The sodium salt form of skincare superstar, vi-ta-min C. If you vày not know what the big fuss about vi-ta-min C is, you are missing outand you have to lớn click here và read all the geeky details about it.

Pure vitamin C (aka ascorbic acid, AA) is great & all, but its lack of stability is a big challenge for the cosmetics industry. Onesolutionis to lớn create stable derivativesthat can be absorbed into the skin, convert there to AA và do all the magic AA is proven to vì (which is being an antioxidant, a collagen booster, and a skin brightener).

Xem thêm: Thuốc Nhuộm Màu Xanh Dương Khói, Thuốc Nhuộm Tóc Màu Xanh Dương Khói

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SAP (the vit C derivative, not the enterprise software, obvs) is a promising derivative that has great stability up khổng lồ pH 7. The challenge with it thoughisskin penetration. Unfortunately, it seems lớn be limited, or to quote a great article from theJournal of Cosmetic Dermatology "topically applied ascorbyl phosphate salts are, at very best, poorly absorbed in comparison with AA". Regarding conversion to AA, there seems khổng lồ be no data about it, so we can neither deny nor confirm it.

We have better news regarding the three magic abilities of vi-ta-min C: there is in-vivo (tested on real people) data showing that SAP does have photo-protective (aka antioxidant) properties, though less than pure AA. SAP might also aidcollagen boosting;in-vitro (made in the lab) data shows that it works, but is less effective than another vitamin C derivative, called maps (that seems lớn be as effective as pure AA). As for skin-brightening, there is a trade publication with in-vivo data showing that SAP can fade brown spots.

Another thing SAP might be able to vì chưng is khổng lồ help with acne. A 2005 study showed in vitro (in test tubes) that 1% SAP has a strong antimicrobial activity on evil acne causing p. Acnes and it also showed in vivo (on real people) that 5% SAP can strongly improvethe inflammatory & non-inflammatory lesions of acne vulgaris. In fact, the results were comparable or even slightly better than with 5% benzoyl peroxide.

And there is even more regarding SAP và acne. A nice double-blind study from 2009 showed that 5% SAP reduced the inflammatory lesions by 20.14% & 48.82% within 4 & 8 weeks respectively và when combined with 0.2% retinol the results were even better. With this combination treatment, the improvement was 29.28% after 4 weeks and 63.10% after 8 weeks of application.

Aside from research studies, anecdotal evidence also supports SAP being a promising vi-ta-min C derivative. One of the best-selling (vitamin C) serums in Sephora is the Ole Henriksen Truth Serum, while on Amazon it's the OzNaturalsVitamin C đôi mươi Serum. Another popular choice is the Mad Hippie vi-ta-min C serum, and all of these contain vitamin C in the khung of SAP.

Overall, we think SAP is a goody! In terms of anti-aging, it's probably not as effective as pure Ascorbic Acid, but it's totally worth a try. However, if your skin is acne-prone, SAP is yourform of vi-ta-min C and it's a must-try.